On the Localization of Plastic Strain in Microtextured Regions of Ti-6Al-4V

TitleOn the Localization of Plastic Strain in Microtextured Regions of Ti-6Al-4V
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsCappola J, Stinville JC, Charpagne MA, Callahan PG, Echlin MP, Pollock TM, Pilchak A, Kasemer M
JournalActa Materialia
KeywordsCrystal plasticity FEM, Microtextured regions, Strain localization, Ti-6Al-4V, Titanium

The equiaxed microstructure of Ti-6Al-4V contains nominally 10µm to 15µm α-phase grains. Depending on processing, these fine grains may aggregate into large, millimeter-scale regions of similar crystallographic orientation. These so-called microtextured regions are detrimental to quasi-static and fatigue properties. Their presence may facilitate the formation of long-range strain localization—bands of plastic strain that traverse grain boundaries and terminate at the boundaries of the microtextured region which compromises strength and ductility—and can cause early fatigue crack nucleation. Furthermore, the low angle boundaries within microtextured regions offer little resistance to crack growth, and corresponding increases in crack growth rates have been observed in these regions. Despite significant research into the effects of microtextured regions on macroscopic properties, there is still a lack of rigorous definition of what constitutes a microtextured region. To this end, we present a computational study in which deformation simulations are performed to study the effect of the intensity and character of microtexture on the localization of plastic strain. Mean orientation and intensity of microtexture are parameterized in a suite of simulations. Simulations indicate that strain localization is facilitated both by the presence of some amount of orientation spread within a microtextured region, and further by the intensity of microtexture in neighboring regions. Simulations are further discussed with respect to high resolution experimental measurements of intragrain strain in a microtextured Ti-6Al-4V specimen, which exhibit similar mechanical trends.