Direct measurements of slip irreversibility in a nickel-based superalloy using high resolution digital image correlation

TitleDirect measurements of slip irreversibility in a nickel-based superalloy using high resolution digital image correlation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsStinville J.C, Callahan P.G, Charpagne M.A, Echlin M.P, Valle V., Pollock T.M
JournalActa Materialia
KeywordsHeaviside-digital image correlation, High resolution digital image correlation, Low cycle fatigue, Polycrystalline René 88DT nickel-based superalloy, Scanning electron microscopy digital image correlation, Slip irreversibility, Strain localization and accumulation

Fatigue crack nucleation in crystalline materials typically develops due to highly localized cyclic slip. During a fatigue cycle, reverse slip differs locally from slip in the forward direction particularly in precipitate-containing materials such as superalloys. In this paper we report the first direct measurements of irreversibility at the scale of individual slip bands by high-resolution digital image correlation (DIC) in a polycrystalline nickel-based superalloy. Quantitative measurements of the slip irreversibility are challenging for regions of material that have a size that captures the microstructure and its variability. High spatial resolution at the nanometer scale during experimental measurements is needed to observe slip localization during deformation. Moreover, large fields are also needed to obtain the material response over statistically representative populations of microstructural configurations. Recently, high resolution scanning electron microscope (SEM) digital image correlation (DIC) has been extended for quantitative analysis of discontinuities induced by slip events using the Heaviside-DIC method. This novel method provides quantitative measurements of slip localization at the specimen surface. In this paper, the Heaviside-DIC method is used to measure slip irreversibility and plastic strain accumulation in a nickel-based superalloy. The method detects bands with high levels of irreversibility early in cycling that ultimately form fatigue cracks upon further cycling. The local microstructural configurations that induce large amounts of plasticity and slip irreversibility are correlated to crack nucleation locations.