Optical-Frequency Magnetic Polarizability in a Layered Semiconductor

TitleOptical-Frequency Magnetic Polarizability in a Layered Semiconductor
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsDeCrescent, Ryan A., Rhys M. Kennard, Michael L. Chabinyc, and Jon A. Schuller
JournalPhysical Review Letters

The optical response of crystals is most commonly attributed to electric dipole interactions between light and matter. Although metamaterials support “artificial” magnetic resonances supported by mesoscale structuring, there are no naturally occurring materials known to exhibit a nonzero optical-frequency magnetic polarizability. Here, we experimentally demonstrate and quantify a naturally occurring nonzero magnetic polarizability in a layered semiconductor system: two-dimensional (Ruddlesden-Popper phase) hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites. These results demonstrate the only known material with an optical-frequency permeability that differs appreciably from vacuum, informing future efforts to find, synthesize, or exploit atomic-scale optical magnetism for novel optical phenomena such as negative index of refraction and electromagnetic cloaking.