|Title||N-Type Surface Doping of MAPbI3 via Charge Transfer from Small Molecules|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Perry, Erin E., John G. Labram, Naveen R. Venkatesan, Hidenori Nakayama, and Michael L. Chabinyc|
|Journal||Advanced Electronic Materials|
|Keywords||charge transfer, interface engineering, ohmic contacts, perovskite solar cells, surface doping, trap passivation|
Organic hole and electron transport materials are regularly employed as electron- and hole-blocking layers in perovskite thin-film solar cells. In order to optimize charge extraction in the device, these organic layers can be doped using organic small molecules. However, to date there is little work carried out on direct doping of perovskite surfaces. In this report, the change in electrical properties of thin films of MAPbI3 by surface doping the film with an organic dopant molecule: cobaltocene (Co(C5H5)2) is studied. By varying the quantity of cobaltocene deposited, the conductivity of MAPbI3 thin films is observed to be tunable over several orders of magnitude. A tunable shift in the Fermi level illustrating that charge transfer doping enables control over the interfacial energy levels, is observed. An increase in photoconductivity is seen at intermediate doping levels, indicating passivation of surface traps confirmed by increased photoluminescence. This model system provides a means to understand more complex heterointerfaces of doped organic blends at perovskite surfaces.