Printed active-matrix TFT arrays for x-ray imaging

TitlePrinted active-matrix TFT arrays for x-ray imaging
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsR.A. Street, W.S. Wong, S.E. Ready, R.A. Lujan, A.C. Arias, M.L. Chabinyc, A. Salleo, R.B. Apte, and LE Antonuk
EditorFlynn, MJ
Conference NameMedical Imaging 2005: Physics of Medical Imaging, Pts 1 and 2
Conference Location1000 20TH ST, PO BOX 10, BELLINGHAM, WA 98227-0010 USA
ISBN Number0-8194-5719-1
Keywordsjet-printing, thin film transistor, x-ray image sensor
AbstractA novel jet-printing approach to fabricate thin film transistor (TFT), active matrix backplanes for x-ray imagers is described. The technique eliminates the use of photolithography and has the potential to greatly reduce the array manufacturing cost. We show how jet-printing is used to pattern the layers of the active matrix array and also to deposit semiconductor material. The technique is applied to both amorphous silicon and polymer transistors, and small prototype arrays have been fabricated and tested, including arrays with a high fill factor amorphous silicon p-i-n photodiode layer for indirect detection x-ray imaging applications. The TFT characteristics are excellent, and acquired x-ray images will be presented and compared to those from conventional TFT arrays. The printing process has been extended to flexible substrates which are important for rugged x-ray imagers, using a low temperature amorphous silicon process to accommodate the plastic substrate. Polymer TFT arrays made with jet-printed polymer solutions have also been demonstrated and we present data from arrays, and discuss options for integrating organic photodiodes or direct detection sensors. The opportunities and challenges of using polymer semiconductors in x-ray imaging arrays, are discussed and we show that the TFT performance meets the needs of radiographic imaging, although the radiation hardness and long term degradation are not sufficiently studied.